## Thursday, June 24, 2010

### WHAT ARE THE FLOW RATES.?...WHAT IS THE SUB-FLOOR GEOLOGY..?

Lol....I definitely know there is a distinct possibility that I am talking out of my ass here on my site, after all, I am a high school dropout.  I do not have the same awesome " education " that many have..I have only had a deep fascination with the observations of the natural world since I was a child. I am also aware of the fact that that nothing on this site is BS....as it is all pure fact, from accredited scientific, institutions, US government PDF's, oil company websites and more. I will utilize the information they provide for us all.. You can check any of the links provided on any section of this site. There is no discussion of Bigfoot, or Elvis's 2 headed alien love child, or any other topics in that realm. I offer only scientific fact, quantified by mass peer review, from the world's scientific communities. I have absolutely no problem with admitting I am wrong to the world if anyone can bring the information forward for us all to read here on this site. Let the learning begin.

2:48 6/26/2010

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Going back over the course of our conversations, I realized that perhaps the answer is already in the collective mind, If you can add to it, or offer any mathematical " steerage " for me, ...I work best with non-numerical examples.......Synesthesia is a b*tch....

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Synethesia

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(EDIT)
By the way, ....noted in my topics above,  " watching the Watchers " in which I have continually noticed IP addresses belonging to Amocco, Exxon, BP, The Department of Homeland security, and various others, just to name a few......it reveals that you are reading my blog. Can you see a solution....?.....I am talking to all of you at once....

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From my Yahoo post and thread last night. 6/23/2010

" From the site SubseaIQ, I see that they are drilling 2 wells, one at 13K', and one at 18k'

IMHO, I think they will try a series of concurrent opposing/fluctuating pressures in waves that are temporally offset( by what degree, I have no clue ) to try and " capture " the flow . It is obvious, I think, that there is a large "pocket " they are tapped into. Since engineers have no experience with the event , studies of fluid hydrodynamics really have no modeling to predict it. "

The responses made me curious about some things. I started thinking about the physics behind my " capture and tame " proposal, which I saw to utilize a combination of ultrasound and opposing pressures and this is what I thought about...

It could be assumed safely, I think , that the original well bore is tapped into a pocket surrounded by a field, as opposed to the many other types of sub-floor hydrocarbon deposits, as they are all uniquely varied.

2 additional well-bores coming in at both above and below, reveals this to me, because they only way to rapidly overtake opposing pressure, is by producing stronger opposing pressure in a 3 dimensional space. It is what allows the rapid transit of waves, the rate of travel is determined by opposition of the intensity of the wave to the density of the fluid., ...the law of inverse proportion.

It seems that you can change the density in non-Newtonian fluids with certain frequencies. Is WMB dense enough to be considered close to a NN fluid...?

As to whether it would hinder the flow or help it, I do not know. I guess it would depend on the density of the fluid..right ?

A wave on one dimension. A ripple in a string.

A wave on 2 dimensions. A ripple in my bathtub.

A 3 dimensional wave. A ripple in time.

Waves traveling in 3 dimensions are opposing all external matter, they are gravity waves.
Than perhaps it could be stated that the wave form produced by the reaction of opposing waves traveling in a column are not.....?

Here's a link to a representation of a gravity wave, time lapse represented in our atmosphere's cloud cover

anyways...

.....then I found this paper ....

"   Slurry bubble column reactors (SBCR), due to their superior heat transfer characteristics, are the contactors of choice for conversion of syngas to fuels and chemicals. This study, performed under the DOE sponsored bubble column hydrodynamics initiative, enables us to obtain experimental measurements of liquid velocity, mixing and gas holdup profiles by Computer Aided Radioactive Particle Tracking (CARPT) and gamma ray Computed Tomography (CT) and to determine their dependence on gas superficial velocity, column size and system properties. These measurements can be used to establish a data base which is instrumental in estimating the parameters needed to predict liquid mixing, as described by tracer response curves, in the pilot plant AFDU in LaPorte, Texas. Such a data base is then used to establish the relationship between the developed phenomenological models and the axial dispersion model. Finally, progress in computational fluid dynamics of bubble column flows is briefly reviewed.  "

A better mechanical description of the erosion I mentioned happening in the sub-floor.....

Measurement of Hydrodynamic Parameters in Churn Turbulent Flow
" Phenomenologically churn-turbulent flows can be readily described as follows. At high superficial gas velocities and low liquid superficial velocities in large diameter vessels high gas holdups are reached (typically well in excess of 30%) and large spiraling, transient, vortex like structures move through the column (Hills, 1975, Devanathan, 1991, Chen et al., 1994). These structures contain large voids that favor the central portion of the column. Small bubbles in the vicinity of these large voids are drawn into their wakes. Hence, on the average, gas holdup is larger in the center of the column than at the wall and this holdup profile leads, due to buoyancy forces, to induced liquid recirculation with the liquid, on the average, rising in the center of the column and falling by the walls (Hills, 1974; Devanathan et al., 1990). Small bubbles are also dragged by the upward and downward flowing liquid and those being pulled downwards constantly try to escape creating vigorous mixing in the liquid downflow region. Clearly, to understand this flow regime better and quantitatively, one needs first of all quality experimental information on gas holdup and its distribution, bubble size distribution, liquid velocities and liquid turbulence parameters, including eddy diffusivities.  "

I found this interesting because of the ability of ultrasound to prevent ionic bonding. In the oil industry, they use sound to emulsify things with resonant  frequency bombardment. There is a paper on my " Capture and Tame " page at the top, with the link, to the The Japan Society of Applied Physics, that was published in 2006.

## "  Promotion of Methane Hydrate Dissociation by Underwater Ultrasonic Wave   "

The methane hydrate that exists in the abyssal floor is receiving attention as a nonconventional type of natural gas resource. An efficient dissociation technology is necessary and indispensable to achieve a steady supply of methane from methane hydrate because it does not easily dissociate in a stable environment of high pressure and low temperature. We consider that underwater ultrasonic wave irradiation may be a method of promoting the dissociation of methane hydrate on the basis of the facilitator effect. We carried out a preliminary examination using dry ice at various pressures, water temperatures, and input electric power. Methane hydrate was similarly examined. As a result, it was clarified that the dissociation time was shorted by the ultrasonic wave, and the wave was effective when the water temperature was low at the time of dissociation

Long story short......Viscosity can be influenced in a fluid by sound waves.

......The propagation of sound-waves in fluid....

The medium in which a sound wave is traveling does not always respond adiabatically, and as a result the speed of sound can vary with frequency.

Adiabatic heating or cooling of a gas results from pressure change. Work is done on or by the gas, but there is no heat transfer with the environment. Heat can be supplied to the gas by friction however. If an adiabatic process is frictionless too, the process is reversible and can be called isentropic.

In thermodynamics, an isentropic process or isoentropic process (ισον = "equal" (Greek); εντροπία entropy = "disorder"(Greek)) is one in which for purposes of engineering analysis and calculation, one may assume that the process takes place from initiation to completion without an increase or decrease in the entropy of the system, i.e., the entropy of the system remains constant.[1][2] It can be proved that any reversible adiabatic process is an isentropic process.

Adiabatic heating and cooling are processes that commonly occur due to a change in the pressure of a gas. This can be quantified using the ideal gas law.

I believe that the whole process I am describing would be a way to prevent the natural thermal cracking producing the methane in the well-field.. It would reduce severely the amount of gas being  thermally
" cracked " in the field, and could potentially be used to lower the overall pressure,  given the intensities of the diametric waves were properly " tuned " so to speak, to the resonant frequency of the API gravity, 28 with this crude I have been reading...and the resonant frequency of the density of methane gas at...what ever the pressure is....give up the numbers..

So couldn't reconstruction of the 3-d gravity wave field from convective plumes via ray tracing, revealed by this paper published last year, be able to effectively measure the effects produced by opposing standing waves in a 3 dimensional space ?

http://www.ann-geophys.net/27/147/2009/angeo-27-147-2009.pdf

In fluid dynamics, gravity waves are waves generated in a fluid medium or at the interface between two media (e.g., the atmosphere and the ocean) which has the restoring force of gravity, ...or heavy drilling mud and sub-floor oil....

There is experimental evidence of flow destabilization in a two-dimensional space, done at the Université de Rennes , received in 2004/ accepted 2006, by a peer review of the brightest minds. It was a study done on calculating velocity of suspended gases in a 2-dimensional fluid space, for foam research.

Above a velocity threshold, the large bubbles migrate faster than the mean flow. We evidence experimentally this instability and, in the case of a single large bubble, we compare the large bubble velocity to the prediction deduced from scaling arguments. In the case of a bidisperse foam, an attractive interaction between large bubbles induces segregation and the large bubbles organize themselves in columns oriented along the flow.
So, ..if

The wave equation is an important second-order linear partial differential equation of waves, such as sound waves, light waves and water waves. It arises in fields such as acoustics, electromagnetics, and fluid dynamics.

The basic wave equation is a linear differential equation which means that the amplitude of two waves interacting is simply the sum of the waves.

Scalar wave equation in three space dimensions

The solution of the initial-value problem for the wave equation in three space dimensions can be obtained from the solution for a spherical wave. This result can then be used to obtain the solution in two space dimensions.

The wave equation is unchanged under rotations of the spatial coordinates, and therefore one may expect to find solutions that depend only on the radial distance from a given point. Such solutions must satisfy.

Give us the data.

Spherical waves

$u_{tt} - c^2 \left( u_{rr} + \frac{2}{r} u_r \right) =0. \,$
This equation may be rewritten as
$(ru)_{tt} -c^2 (ru)_{rr}=0; \,$
the quantity ru satisfies the one-dimensional wave equation. Therefore there are solutions in the form
$u(t,r) = \frac{1}{r} F(r-ct) + \frac{1}{r} G(r+ct), \,$
where F and G are arbitrary functions. Each term may be interpreted as a spherical wave that expands or contracts with velocity c. Such waves are generated by a point source, and they make possible sharp signals whose form is altered only by a decrease in amplitude as r increases (see an illustration of a spherical wave on the top right).

...........Such waves exist only in cases of space with odd dimensions,

...........like what is excavated by unpredictable flows in the substrata....

.........The propagation of sound-waves in fluid....can only be determined by knowing the temperature, composition, and pressure of the fluid

So,...does it makes sense that a series of concurrent 2 opposing/fluctuating pressures expressed in waves that are temporally and spatially offset introduced in a 3-dimensional space under pressure , can, if observed carefully, can be used to " redirect " a flow of fluid with suspended gases, by way of altering flow and viscosity at the same time with     diametric        soundwaves, .....from ultrasound..........?

"  The thermodynamic entropy S, often simply called the entropy in the context of thermodynamics, is a measure of the amount of energy in a physical system that cannot be used to do work. It is also a measure of the disorder present in a system. The SI unit of entropy is JK-1 (Joule per Kelvin), which is the same unit as heat capacity.
The concept of entropy was originally introduced in 1865 by Rudolf Clausius. He defined the change in entropy of a thermodynamic system, during a reversible process in which an amount of heat ΔQ is applied at constant absolute temperature T, as
$\Delta S = \frac\left\{\Delta Q\right\}\left\{T\right\}$
Clausius gave the quantity S the name "entropy", from the Greek word τρoπή, "transformation". Since this definition involves only differences in entropy, the entropy itself is only defined up to an arbitrary additive constant.

Clausius' identification of S as a significant quantity was motivated by the study of reversible and irreversible thermodynamic transformations. A thermodynamic transformation is a change in a system's thermodynamic properties, such as its temperature and volume. A transformation is reversible (also known as quasistatic) if the system is infinitesimally close to thermodynamic equilibrium at all times; otherwise, it is irreversible. To illustrate this, consider a gas enclosed in a piston chamber, whose volume may be changed by moving the piston. If we move the piston slowly enough, the density of the gas is always homogeneous, so the transformation is reversible. If we move the piston quickly, pressure waves are created, so the gas is not in equilibrium, and the transformation is irreversible.

A heat engine is a thermodynamic system that can undergo a sequence of transformations which ultimately return it to its original state. Such a sequence is called a cyclic process, or simply a cycle. During some transformations, the engine may exchange heat with heat reservoirs, which are systems so large that their temperatures do not change when exchanging heat with the engine. The net result of a cycle is (i) mechanical work done by the system (which can be positive or negative, the latter meaning that work is done on the engine), and (ii) heat transferred between the heat reservoirs. By the conservation of energy, the net heat lost by the reservoirs is equal to the work done by the engine.

If every transformation in the cycle is reversible, the cycle is reversible, and it can be run in reverse, so that the heat transfers occur in the opposite direction and the amount of work done switches sign. The simplest reversible cycle is a Carnot cycle, which exchanges heat with two heat reservoirs."

http://www.wordiq.com/definition/Thermodynamic_entropy

Could not the Fourier Transform be used here...?

In mathematics, the Fourier transform (often abbreviated FT) is an operation that transforms one complex-valued function of a real variable into another. In such applications as signal processing, the domain of the original function is typically time and is accordingly called the time domain. The domain of the new function is typically called the frequency domain, and the new function itself is called the frequency domain representation of the original function. It describes which frequencies are present in the original function. This is analogous to describing a musical chord in terms of the notes being played. In effect, the Fourier transform decomposes a function into oscillatory functions. The term Fourier transform refers both to the frequency domain representation of a function, and to the process or formula that "transforms" one function into the other.

In the physics of wave propagation, a plane wave (also spelled planewave) is a constant-frequency wave whose wavefronts (surfaces of constant phase) are infinite parallel planes of constant amplitude normal to the phase velocity vector.
The physical solution is found by taking the real part of this expression:
$Re[u(\mathbf{x},t)] = |A| \cos (\mathbf{k}\cdot\mathbf{x} - \omega t + \arg A)$
This is the solution for a scalar wave equation in a homogeneous medium
i is the imaginary unit, k is the wave vector, ω is the angular frequency, and A is the (complex) amplitude.

..................Has BP released the data ?

..............i = ?, k = ? w = ? , A = ?..........

Also, .....given the recent solar activities, ( you can read the article  from 6/22/2010, under the post I wrote below, about being at an apex of solar history ) , NASA and many others have observed the Sun actually
suddenly NOT going through it's usual cycle , and has decreased in intensity. Geo-magnetic storms influence Earth at the wane of the activity and not the peak of the storms, from what I understand...and since flux in gases can be produced in electrical response to the height of the peak intensity from certain particles passing through the Earth, could this not be an explanation for the recent build in pressures..in addition to the runaway erosion effects I talked about....somehow....these variables all happening at once is producing some strange results with our planet.. ......I mean , in reality, .....they could just be exacerbating each other somehow.
...I'm sure you have had strange weather lately........?

.....anybody ?

.

http://perso.univ-rennes1.fr/isabelle.cantat/publipdf/mousse3.pdf