June 16/2010-5:47 PM EST
By : Isaac
Here is a simpler explanation of how it works. I have provided links to all accredited and published scientific works and articles & definitions from various sites like Wikipedia , and IRIS live Earthquake Browser.
Let's start here, with geomagnetic storms.
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Weather Service, Space Environment Center (SEC) monitors geomagnetic storm activity and provides real-time information on their Space Weather Now site. The SEC has defined five types of solar radiation storms, ranging from mild to extreme; their definitions include a description of the possible damaging effects of each class of magnetic storm.
The USGS National Geomagnetism Program provides additional information to the public on the geomagnetic field and geomagnetic hazards.
Next, the definition of geomagnetic storm, Wikipedia.
A disturbance or fluctuation in the earth's magnetic field, associated with solar flares.
known to be a temporary intense disturbance of the Earth's magnetosphere.
The ionosphere and solar flares, Wikipedia.
There are disturbances such as solar flares and the associated release of charged particles into the solar wind which reaches the Earth and interacts with its geomagnetic field.
March 7, 2006, National Geographic
The next 11-year solar storm cycle should be significantly stronger than the current one, which may mean big problems for power grids and GPS systems and other satellite-enabled technology, scientists announced today. The stronger solar storms could start as early as this year or as late as 2008 and should peak around 2012.
"We predict the next solar cycle will be 30 to 50 percent stronger than the last cycle," said Mausumi Dikpati, a solar scientist with the National Center for Atmospheric Research in Boulder, Colorado,
Below is a depiction of current generated in the Earth's ionosphere from Wikipedia, from the direction facing the Sun, and a picture from the recent flare that is still winding down.
A little bit about the ionosphere, Wikipedia
The very high temperatures in the Earth's upper atmosphere are colocated with the upper ionosphere, since both are related to the effect of x-rays from the Sun. That is, the x-rays both ionize and heat the very uppermost portion of the Earth's atmosphere. Tremendous variations occur in the ionosphere at high latitudes because of the dynamical effects of electrical forces and because of the additional sources of plasma production. The most notable is the visual aurora, one of the most spectacular natural sights.
I'm sure those of you that have been reading my site in Alaska, know exactly what I'm talking about, as of late.
A little bit about solar flux/ solar flares/ heavy ions and how they affect the Earth's magnetosphere, by way of " gravity manipulation " through our ionosphere, Wikipedia, the solar physics archive © 2003 Solar Physics Group - Montana State University
" We focus on shocks driven by Interplanetary Coronal Mass Ejections (ICMEs) which heat the solar wind and accelerate particles. This study focuses specifically on the heating of heavy ions caused by these shocks."
© 2003 Solar Physics Group - Montana State University
This isn't from a study of the Sun, but there is pertinent heavy ion information if you are interested.
Comet Hyakutake x‐ray source: Charge transfer of solar wind heavy ions
©2006. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved.
Below is a paper explaining the direct electrical flows between the ionosphere and the magnetosphere.
" The dc electrical coupling of flow vortices and flow channels in the magnetosphere to the resistive ionosphere " ©2006. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved.
" Radiation received also varies with geographical location (polar, auroral zones, mid-latitudes, and equatorial regions. There are also mechanisms that disturb the ionosphere and decrease the ionization." 2010 Wikipedia
Next are some images of the lightning activity in Florida as of June 6/2010/7:09:36 PM
Below is some information about lightning and how it propagates and travels through the atmosphere, from Florida's own , Roger Russel . Thanks Rogers.
The storms are a natural occurrence as the heated air rises and brings in moist air from both east and west coasts of the Florida peninsula. During the summer, high altitude shear winds are not present and by afternoon, the clouds continue to build into the familiar anvil shape of cumulonimbus clouds, and away we go! The storms occur almost every afternoon but are scattered so we don't always get one right over our house every day. Some big storms generate up to 40,000 lightning strikes.
The map shows the history of lightning strikes from 1986 to 1995. The density is in flashes per square kilometer per year. Red indicates greater than 12. The map is courtesy of WOFL, Fox-TV 35 in Orlando.
The storms are mainly concentrated in an area between Tampa (west or Gulf side) and Titusville (east or Atlantic side) that has become known as "Lightning Alley."
Central Florida also has one of the highest density lightning flashes in the world. It is surpassed mainly by tropical Africa. Kampala and Uganda hold the record with three times the
thunderstorm days of Central Florida.
Where does lightning tend to strike? The answer is anywhere it wants and not always where you might expect. It follows the path of least resistance at a particular time, but that's always changing. When lightning begins to travel downward from a cloud, many objects that have built up a charge emit streamers. This could come from anything such as a blade of grass or a power pole. The first streamer to make contact with the bolt defines the final path the lightning will take. Who could know when and where that will be?
For instance, Here's a hole in a wall that blew out from a lightning strike not far from my house. The wall is normal brick and concrete and is about 6 feet tall. The incredibly high temperatures brought about by the lightning in the wall caused rapid expansion with such force it literally flew apart. It struck the side of the wall instead of the top and it didn't hit the 50-foot high power lines and towers just a few hundred feet away.
The primary rule is not to get in the way of natural occurrences no matter what they are.
The reason lightning does damage like this is because the next path of least resistance after gases, are liquids. Like water. Which expands to 1700 times it's own volume in microseconds, forming basically a " steam explosion ." It's what can blow apart a tree...or a wall...it depends on the charge of the strike. Negative and positively charged lightning strikes travel differently.
Positive lightning is often considered more dangerous because its electrical field is stronger (forming at the top of the storm), the flash duration is typically longer, and its peak charge can be much greater than a negative strike. Plus, positively charged lightning can occur near the edge of a cloud or strike more than 10 miles away – when people aren't aware of the danger.
The path of least resistance for electricity, after gases, are liquids and then the solids. This is the form and path of a gas diffusion electrode, which I mention in my post about what could happen if they burn the oil.
Below is a representation of the electrical receptivity of " lighting Alley " in Florida,
Here's a very nice multiple exposure photo.
A typical cloud-to-ground flash lowers a path of negative electricity (that we cannot see) towards the ground in a series of spurts. Objects on the ground generally have a positive charge. Since opposites attract, an upward streamer is sent out from the object about to be struck. When these two paths meet, a return stroke zips back up to the sky. It is the return stroke that produces the visible flash, but it all happens so fast - in about one-millionth of a second - so the human eye doesn't see the actual formation of the stroke.
Next, some recent seismic events, and exactly why they are significant to what's happening in the Gulf of Mexico. Starting with the quake that hit on the Texas on the coast, just 15 miles north of Kingsville,
There was a 3.9 quake, the news of which was quickly overshadowed by the deep-water Macondo blowout in the G.o.M. Local time at the epicenter Saturday, April 24, 2010 at was exactly 09:10:42 PM , at a depth of 5k, and an epicenter of 27.70N 97.84W.
Next, some screen captures from the IRIS seismic monitor website, of the recent quakes on the New Madrid Fault-line, and the recent quakes Cuba and the coast of Sumatra ( Which is where the big Tsunami that killed hundreds of thousands. I will be making a post about some very interesting correlations between it and drilling activities ) The link to IRIS is on the right-hand side of this page. It's important that you go and see the depth of some of these quakes. They signify much more powerful movements than normal. What I found particularly disturbing is the repeated deep movements off the coast of Sumatra. They are an indication of a plate trying to slip, and that itself is a direct indication of building pressures.
Sumatra coast. As the initial stronger movements subside, pressure is again building up behind the plate.
There have been a few semi-regular big seismic events in this area for the past 4 years.
And last, but not least, the last big quake originating right from the area where the Horizon blowout happened and some links on the NASA solar flare archives about 2006.
December 15, 2006: ESA mission controllers react to solar flare -- European Space Agency
December 7, 2006: Russian scientists expect powerful solar flares -- SpaceDaily
November 7, 2006: Monster stellar flare seen by NASA scientists dwarfs all others -- SpaceDaily
September 26, 2006: Solar flares could seriously disrupt GPS receivers -- EurekAlert!
September 19, 2006: Solar scientists wait for explosive data -- Australian Broadcasting Corporation
September 12, 2006: Probing the most energetic explosions in the solar system -- SpaceDaily
July 11, 2006: Flare ends solar quiet spell -- SpaceDaily
May 2, 2006: Sunspot 875 flares -- NASA GSFC APOD
February 23, 2006: Solar flare hits Earth and Mars -- Space.com
February 23, 2006: Scientists discover Mars atmosphere altered by solar flares -- MarsDaily